Political System PDF Print E-mail

Government

Constitution

National Executive Power

Legislative Power

Judicial Power

Citizens Power

Electoral Power

Government

"Venezuela constitutes itself as a Democratic and Social State of Law and Justice, which holds as superior values of its legal order and actions those of life, liberty, justice, equality, solidarity, democracy, social responsibility and, in general, the preeminence of human rights, ethics and political pluralism." Article 2 of the Constitution. 
"The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is a decentralized Federal State on the terms set forth in this Constitution, governed by the principles of territorial integrity, cooperation, solidarity, attendance and shared responsibility." Article 4 of the Constitution.
"The government of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela and of the political organs comprising the same, is and shall always be democratic, participatory, elective, decentralized, alternative, responsible and pluralist, with revocable mandates." Article 6 of the Constitution. 

Constitution

The Constitution of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela was approved directly by the Venezuelan people on December 15th, 1999. "The Constitution is the supreme law and foundation of the legal order. All persons and organs exercising Public Power are subject to this Constitution." Article 7 of the Constitution. 

National Executive Power

"Executive Power is exercised by the President of the Republic, the Executive Vice-President, the Cabinet Ministers and other officials as determined by this Constitution and by Law." Article 225 of the Constitution. 

The President

"The President of the Republic is the Head of State and of the National Executive, in which latter capacity he directs the action of the government." Article 226 of the Constitution.

The Executive Vice-President

"The Executive Vice-President is a direct subordinate of and works closely with the President of the Republic in the latters capacity as Head of the National Executive. The Executive Vice-President must meet the same requirements prescribes for eligibility for the office of President of the Republic, and must not be related to the latter by either blood or marriage." Article 238 of the Constitution. 

Ministers

"Ministers are direct dependencies of the President of the Republic, and when assembled together with the latter and with the Executive Vice-President, they comprise the Cabinet of Ministers. The President of the Republic shall preside over meetings of the Cabinet of Ministers, but he shall have the power to authorize the Executive Vice-President to preside over the same when he is unable to attend. Decisions made must be ratified by the President of the Republic. The Executive Vice-President and the Ministers who took part are jointly and severally accountable for decisions of the Cabinet of Ministers, with the exception of those who placed on record an adverse or negative vote." Article 242 of the Constitution. 

General Attorney of the Republic

"The Office of the General Attorney of the Republic advises, defends and represents in and out of court the property interests of the Republic, and must be consulted for purposes of approval of contracts in the national public interest. The pertinent organic law shall determine the organization, competence and functioning of this office." Article 247 of the Constitution. 

The Council of State

"The Council of State is the highest consultative organ of the Government and the National Public Administration. It shall be charged with making policy recommendations in the national interest with regard to matters recognized by the President of the Republic as being of particular importance and requiring the Councils opinion. The pertinent law shall determine its functions and powers." Article 251 of the Constitution.

Legislative Power

The National Assambly
"The National Assembly shall consist of Deputies elected in each of the federal entities by universal, direct, personalized and secret ballot with proportional representation, using a constituency base of 1. 1 % of the total population of the country. Each federal organ shall also elect three additional deputies. The native peoples of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela shall elect three deputies in accordance with the provisions established under election law, respecting the traditions and customs thereof. Each deputy shall have an alternate elected by the same process." Article 186 of the Constitution. 

Judicial Power

"The power to administer justice emanates from the citizens and is exercised in the name of the Republic by Authority of law. The organs comprising the Judicial Power are charged with dealing with all cases and matters within their competence, through such procedures as may be determined by the laws, and with carrying out or causing the execution of their judgments. The justice system consists of the Supreme Tribunal of Justice, such other courts as may be determined by law, the Office of Public Prosecutions, the Public Defenders Office, criminal investigation organs, judicial assistants and officials, the penitentiary system, alternative means of justice, citizens participating in the administration of justice in accordance with law and attorneys at law admitted to practice." Article 253 of the Constitution.

Citizens Power

"Citizen Power is exercised by the Republican Ethics Council, consisting of the People Defender, the General Prosecutor and the General Comptroller of the Republic. The organs of Citizen Power are the People Defenders Office, the Office of Public Prosecutions and the Office of the General Comptroller of the Republic, one of whose heads shall be designated by the Republican Ethics Council as its Chairman for a one-year term of office, with the possibility of re-election. Citizen Power is independent and its organs enjoy operating, financial and administrative autonomy. To this end, from the general State budget it shall be allocated a variable annual budget appropriation. Its organization and operation shall be established by organic act." Article 273 of the Constitution. 

People Defenders Office

"The People Defenders Office is charged with the furtherance, defense and oversight of the rights and guarantees established under this Constitution and international treaties on human rights, in addition to defending the legitimate, collective and diffuse interest of the citizens. The People Defenders Office shall act under the direction and responsibility of the People Defender, who shall be designated to serve for a single seven-year term. The People Defender must be a Venezuelan national over the age of 30 years, with manifest and proven competence in the field of human rights, and must meet with such requirements as to honesty, ethics and morality as may be established by law. If the People Defender is temporarily or permanently unavailable to serve, the vacancy shall be filled in accordance with applicable provisions of law." Article 280 of the Constitution

Office of Public Prosecutions

"The Office of Public Prosecutions shall be under the direction and responsibility of the General Prosecutor of the Republic, who shall perform his functions directly, with the assistance of such officials as may be determined by law. To be General Prosecutor of the Republic, a person must meet the same eligibility requirements that apply to justices of the Supreme Tribunal of Justice. The General Prosecutor of the Republic shall be designated for a seven-year term." Article 284 of the Constitution. 

Office of the General Comptroller

"The Office of the General Comptroller of the Republic is the organ that controls, watches and audits revenues, expenses, public and national property and transactions relating to the same. It enjoys operating, administrative and organizational autonomy, and concentrates its activities on functions relating to inspection of the organs and entities under its oversight." Article 287 of the Constitution.

Electoral Power

"Electoral Power is exercised by the National Electoral Council as governing body, and by the latters subordinate organs, the National Board of Elections, the Civil Status and Voter Registration Commission and the Commission on Political Participation and Financing, with organization and functioning as established under the pertinent organic law." Article 292 of the Constitution.
 

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