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ACHIEVEMENTS IN TEN YEARS OF REVOLUTION 

President
President Hugo Chavez in the Annual Message to the Nation. January, 2009

During 10 years of revolution, the Bolivarian Government has been breaking away from paradigms, beating obstacles, exceeding all expectations, facing empires, revolutionizing consciousness, beating foreign and internal confabulations, and even more, defending, as engine and fuel of the revolutionary project, the deep conviction that human being is the center and principle of the society.

The most representative achievements can be evaluated quantitatively through the Missions, infrastructure works, technological advancements, among other, but the qualitative analysis leads us to three big conclusions: with the arrival of the Bolivarian Revolution, life quality has boosted for most Venezuelans, social inequalities have been reduced significantly and Venezuela has made important steps in the struggle to reach the real condition of a developed country.

 

ACHIEVEMENTS

  • Reduction of poverty
  • Access to education
  • Access to health
  • Social security
  • Economic development
  • Food sovereignty
  • Reduction of public debt
  • Increase of international reserves
  • Technology sovereignty
  • Elimination of gender inequality

 

REDUCTION OF POVERTY

During the administration of the Bolivarian Government led by President Hugo Chávez, the extreme poverty rate significantly fell from 42 percent in 1998 to 9.5 percent. This result allowed Venezuela to achieve in advance this UN Millennium Goal. General poverty was also significantly reduced from 50.5 percent in 1998 to 33.4 percent in 2008.

Venezuela’s Human Development Index also increased from a 0.69 (medium development) in 1998 to 0.84 (high development) in 2008. Currently, Venezuela ranks 67 out of 179 countries according to the 2008 UNDP report.

Venezuela’s Gini coefficient fell to 0.4099, the lowest in the country’s history and in Latin America. In 1998 it was 0.4865.

 

ACCESS TO EDUCATION

In 2005, Venezuela achieved the goal established by UNESCO to declare a country a free illiteracy territory; 96 percent of adults and elders know how to read and write. But we are still working and 99.6 percent of the population older over the age of 15 is literate.

Currently, the Venezuelan state aims 7 percent of the GDP at education, while it set aside 3.9 percent of Venezuela’s GDP in 1998 for education. Without including the socialist missions (social programs), school enrollment was 6.2 million students in 1998; now it is 7.5 million students both in public and private schools.

The socialist missions, created as an initiative of President Chávez to look after the population excluded from the formal educative system, show the following statistics:

Mission Robinson II: 437,171 students, including 81,000 indigenous students, have graduated "Mission Ribas": 510,585 students have graduated. Mission Sucre: 571,917 Venezuelans are in the higher education system in 24 programs (career), in 334 different municipalities. 30,000 students have graduated from seven programs: education, environmental management, social management of local development, journalism, management, computer science, and agro-food production.

 

ACCESS TO HEALTH

Venezuela invests 4.2 percent of its GDP in health and it continues deepening strategies to guarantee Venezuelans free access to health with the creation of the social programs "Barrio Adentro I-II-II"I and IV. Up to 2009, "Barrio Adentro "has made the following achievements:

24,884,567 Venezuelans, that is to say 88.9 percent of the population, benefit from this mission. 630,491 Venezuelans have been saved thanks to this mission. "Barrio Adentro" has inaugurated: 6,531 popular health centers, 479 Integral Diagnosis Centers, 543 Integral Rehabilitation Centers, 26 High Technology Centers, 13 popular clinics, 459 popular optician’s and 3,019 points offering medical and dental care. The public health policies developed by the Bolivarian Government have managed to reduce the children mortality rate (children under 5 years) to 13.7 percent. In 1990, this figure was 25.8 percent.

 

SOCIAL SECURITY

Unemployment has been reduced by 50 percent during President Chávez Administration as it fell from 12 percent to 6.1 percent by early 2009.

In May 2007, the Venezuelan minimum wage became the highest in Latin America (US $ 372). In addition, workers receive a monthly bonus for food amounting to over US $ 139. Also, pensions have been increased to the minimum wage.

 

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

The Venezuelan economy has experienced 20 consecutive quarters of growth. The year 2004 stands out with an historical growth of 18.3 percent. The 2008 rate of growth was 4.9 percent. Our economy has grown by 526.98 percent if we compared it to the Venezuelan economy in 1998.

Venezuela has the fourth biggest economy in Latin America after Brazil, Mexico and Argentina.

 

FOOD SOVEREIGNTY

In order to guarantee the country’s food security and sovereignty, the Bolivarian Government created "Mission Food", whose aim is to offer basic foodstuffs at low prices and without intermediaries to the Venezuelan population. This initiative materialized with the creation of a network of storing centers and stores (Mercal, PDVAL, ASA, FUNDAPROAL, and silos, among others).

In 1998, Venezuela produced 16,272,000 tons of vegetables. By 2008, Venezuela managed to produce 20,174,000 tons of food. This represents a 24 percent increase.

 

REDUCTION OF PUBLIC DEBT

The public debt dropped from 73.5% of the GDP in 1998 to 14.4% in 2008, placing the national deficit as one of the lowest in the World.

In 1998, a debt of 3 billion dollars was paid off to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and to the World Bank (WB).

 

INCREASE OF INTERNATIONAL RESERVES

By early 1999, the International Reserves amounted to US$ 14.3 billion. In January 2009, they amount to US$ 41.9 billion.

 

TECHNOLOGY SOVEREIGNTY

Before the Bolivarian government, there was practically no investment in science and technology. Today, 2.69% of Venezuela’s GDP is aimed at science and technology.

With the creation of the "Infocentros" (centres of information) and the National Technological Literacy Plan, the access of the population to the Information and Communication Technologies was boosted.

On October 29, 2008, Venezuela launched the Simón Bolívar Satellite from the Sichuan’s Satellite Center, in the People’s Republic of China; it is operative and the Venezuelan state already took its control. Satellite services will be offered to thousands of communities all around the country and beyond our borders in other Latin American and Caribbean countries with education and medicine television programs.

The consolidation of Venezuela’s technological sovereignty also includes the nationalization of the main, strategic, telephone company of the country, the Venezuela’s National Company of Telephones (CANTV, Spanish Acronym).

 

ELIMINATION OF GENDER INEQUALITY

Gender equality adds to the achievements of the Venezuelan society. Women participation in Communal Centers is 60 percent; 4 out of the 5 Public Powers are headed by women. The women’s presence in the National Assembly (Venezuelan Parliament) increased from 10% to 16.5%.

 

Ministry of People’s Power for Communication and Information.
January, 2009.

 

Links:

Achievements in infrastructure
Economic achievements
Labor achievements
Social achievements
 

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